Jaspell Jaldi's Typing Methods
Jaspell Jaldi for word processing
in Windows offers two typing methods: Romanized
and Mapped. Alternatively, the guides, as shown below, can
be clicked on with your mouse.
Romanized Typing Method
Typing is essentially a simple Romanized phonetic method which functions commonly
and consistently throughout all the multiple languages supported. For example, if you type
"kitaab " with any one of the scripts 'on', you will get the proper script
equivalent that reads "kitaab" (even if you don't actually speak that language!)
As the range of sounds exceeds the 26 English /ASCII keyboard keys, we
sometimes use a group sequence or combination of keys to produce a sound, as shown on a Romanized key guide that you can display. For example, a
dental "t" may be typed "t", but an aspirated/breathed/huffed
"t" sounds like and is typed as "th". For reflexive/cerebral forms in
Brahmi-based phonetic classification you would just add an "*" (or
"x", if you want to avoid using the shift key) as a distinguishing mark. Long
vowels are double the single vowels, hence: short "a" and long "aa",
"i", "ii", etc.
In each syllable type the consonant and then the vowel or space or punctuation: you thus
signify the completion of the current syllable.
k or ka è "ka";
ki è "ki";
kii è "kii"
By dint of Jaspell's internal programming you only need to use one keyboard location for
all forms of any particular letter in one of these alphabets. So, all forms of the
consonant "k" (or "ka") are obtained by pressing the key k, no matter
what vowel or consonant combination there is, or whether it is initial, medial, terminal,
or independent (important in Naskh and Nastaliq).
Mapped Script Typing
This second typing method is also provided for some of the script systems, such as for the
Brahmi-based scripts . This assigns the 52 upper and lower
case letter keys to provide directly the different individual characters - if 52 is enough
for the script alphabet. Starting from top left on the keyboard, the keys unshifted and
shifted begin in vernacular alphabetical order:-
For Hindi, Marathi, Nepali, Sanskrit it is ka, kha, ga, gha, and so on.
Vowels are in the area under the left hand. To change the inherent vowel and make
"ka" into "ki" or "kii", for example, you then, of course,
would have to type the key for the relevant vowel. Hence,
[q] è "ka"; [q][s] è
"ki"; [q][S] è "kii". By dint of
Jaspell's internal programming, which is the same as for the Romanized typing method, you
still only need use one keyboard location for all forms of any particular letter in one of
these alphabets. So, in this example, all forms of the consonant "k" (or
"ka") are obtained by pressing the key labelled q, no matter what vowel or
consonant combination there is, or whether it is initial, medial, terminal, or
This method at first seems simpler by skipping the typing of markers or groups of keys for
one letter. However, the map layout may not be similar for different scripts, plus you
have to reach often for the shift key when typing. A Mapped
Script key guide is provided for those who prefer it initially.)
Simple Access to Complex Forms
With either of these typing methods (Romanized
or Mapped), you just input the plain characters (in the
order in which a dictionary, for example, would use them ) and delight to see how the
proper form of each character is placed automatically into your document with respect to
context. You therefore avoid having to learn how to obtain lots of special forms of
characters that other software products require.
The typing process for right-to-left scripts currently requires you to type a
"carriage-return" at the left hand end of each line, as word-wrap is only
provided in left-to-right mode. Although this seems a disadvantage while typing, it does
ensure that, if you select lines of such text (Ctrl + c) and paste them into another
programme like Word for Windows (Ctrl + v) operating in left-to-right word-wrap mode, you
will not lose the proper word and line order!
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Date of last edit: 20 November 2013